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Types of Roof Shingles

Roofer Round Rock┬áis home’s first defense against rain, snow, the sun’s damaging rays, and wind. Their overlapping tabs protect the plywood sheathing and framing lumber.

The type of shingle homeowners choose should consider the look they’re after, local climate conditions (such as hail and wind resistance), and their desired level of maintenance.


Asphalt roof shingles are the most popular roofing material. They provide an attractive and affordable option that can stand up to the elements for decades, requiring minimal maintenance. They come in a wide variety of colors and styles, making them compatible with any home aesthetic or architectural design. In addition, they are good insulators and help reduce external noise.

They offer a traditional look that many homeowners like. They also work well on a variety of roof shapes, making them suitable for most homes. They’re also easy to install. This can save on labor costs during a roof installation project, and the shingles themselves are easier to handle than sheets of metal or slate.

The most common type of asphalt shingle is the 3-tab shingle, also known as strip shingles. They’re composed of a single layer that is cut to create 3 individual tabs. They are the least expensive asphalt shingles available, and typically are used on new construction or to replace existing shingle roofs.

More advanced asphalt shingles are also made to look like other roofing materials, including slate and cedar shakes. These premium and designer shingles are precision cut to give them an authentic appearance, and they’re often treated with different chemicals to protect against the growth of algae or moss.

A layered shingle is an asphalt shingle that has a core of organic material (such as waste paper, cellulose, or wood fibers), saturated with asphalt and covered with solid granules. This type of shingle is less vulnerable to wind damage than fiberglass shingles, and it can be rated for Class 4 impact resistance. This means that it may be able to qualify you for a discount on your home insurance premium.

Wood roof shingles are popular for their appearance and durability. These shingles can provide an excellent look for homes with traditional or rustic style, and work well with steeper roofs. They are easy to install and can be a great alternative to more expensive cladding. However, they are prone to decay and need to be regularly treated with fungicide and protective chemicals. They are also porous, and therefore susceptible to rot, mold and mildew growth. While cedar shingles are more resistant to weather than other types, it is still important to treat them with fungicides and water repellants.

While shakes are raw split pieces of wood, shingles are shaped (profiled or dressed). These shaped pieces allow rain, snow and ice to roll downward easily, but do not trap moisture or allow moss to grow. Wood shingles also offer a more uniform appearance and are usually cut with an even thickness for consistency.

There are three different types of wood shingle: handsplit and resawn, tapersawn and slash grain. Handsplit and resawn are sawn on the back and have a natural, rustic appearance. Tapersawn is sawn on both sides for a tailored look and heavier shadowline than a shake. Slash grain is cut at an angle to the tree rings and is the most likely to distort over time.

Traditionally, wood shingles were made from oak or chestnut, which have a high tannin content and therefore natural durability. More recently, they have been made from western red cedar – a material which is not native to Britain and doesn’t hold up as well in our climate. Wood shingles and shakes can be finished with various stains and varnishes and come in a range of shapes and thicknesses. The butts or ends of the shingle can be thick or thin and have decorative cusps or notches. They can also be pressure-treated to protect against fire and to prevent fungus growth.

Typically made of steel, galvanized iron or terne metal (made of tin and lead), metal roofs offer many benefits over traditional shingle roofing. They’re long-lasting, rust-resistant and can stand up to a wide variety of climate conditions. Additionally, they’re often lighter than shingles, which can ease installation and structural requirements. They also reflect solar rays, which can help reduce energy costs by keeping the building cooler. And they’re inherently fire-resistant, adding an additional level of safety for the structure.

While they are not as durable as other roofing materials, a metal roof can stand up to strong winds, hail and mold. They’re also impervious to moisture damage and don’t require a lot of maintenance. However, they can be more expensive than shingle roofs to install and repair.

For homeowners interested in a “one and done” roof system, metal is a great option. While it may not add resale value as much as a wood or shingle roof, it offers the peace of mind that comes with knowing your roof is a one-time expense.

Most metal shingles are made of steel or aluminum with a zinc or zinc and aluminum metallic coating that protects the underlying material from corrosion. They are manufactured in either standing seam or shingle-style panels, with the latter usually having a more finished appearance to complement the aesthetics of your home. Standing seam systems are generally thicker than shingle panel systems, with exposed fasteners often using 24-gauge or 29-gauge aluminum and 26-gauge steel for concealed fasteners. However, light-gauge metal shingles can experience a phenomenon known as oil canning, wherein waviness appears in the broad flat areas of the panels. This does not affect the structural integrity of the shingle, but some property owners find it unsightly.

Slate roof shingles have long been considered the gold standard in roofing, offering natural beauty and durability. They can last for a century or more when properly maintained, and are highly fire-resistant. Because of their strength, slate is a good choice in areas with frequent snow and hail storms. Slate is also water-resistant and can withstand freezing weather conditions, which are tough on asphalt shingles.

If you choose a slate roof, your contractor should have a lot of experience installing this material. They should know how to properly install the different types of slate available, including both hard and soft slates, as well as the best way to repair slates. They will also understand the complexities of slate construction, such as the importance of proper ventilation and how to avoid leaks.

A properly installed slate roof will not only protect your home, it will increase its resale value. However, because of the high cost and installation time of a slate roof, it is important to find a roofing company that offers financing options. It is also a good idea to look into the policies on roof warranties, as they can vary from one roofing company to the next.

A properly installed slate roof can last up to 200 years or more, making it a great investment for any homeowner. Unlike many other types of roofing, slate doesn’t need to be replaced after a certain period of time, but should only need regular maintenance. It is also possible to have the warranty transferred from one owner to another, which can be very beneficial when selling a home. In addition, a roof warranty can be a major selling point for some buyers.

A concrete roof is just what it sounds like: a solid slab of concrete capping the top of your house. It’s typically several inches thick, and it’s a great choice for homeowners who want their home to stand the test of time. It’s also an eco-friendly option since it lasts longer than asphalt shingles and requires less maintenance. And unlike asphalt shingles, which are dependent on granules to give them color and protect them from extreme weather changes, concrete tiles can be tinted to match your roof’s existing appearance.

While they look beautiful and are highly durable, concrete tile roofs can be expensive. They’re also heavier than asphalt shingles, meaning they put more of a strain on the structure of your roof. If you’re re-roofing an existing home, it’s important to have the roof framing checked by a structural engineer to ensure that it can support the weight of concrete tiles.

Standard-weight concrete tiles weigh between 9 and 12 pounds per square foot. For homes where the weight is an issue, some manufacturers offer lightweight tile options that are half as heavy.

When installing a new concrete tile roof, you need to hire a qualified roofing contractor with experience in the material. They should be familiar with the manufacturer’s specifications and have a solid warranty to back their work. A good contractor will also be able to answer any questions you have and provide you with a detailed quote for the job. Once you’ve selected a contractor, make sure to sign a contract that specifies the start and end dates, lien releases, warranties, responsibility for permits and a payment schedule. By doing this, you can ensure that the project is done correctly and on time.


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