Roof installation creates a protective barrier over a structure, shielding it from rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and temperature extremes. It requires a lot of planning and expertise to do correctly.
If you’re getting a new roof installed, prepare the inside of your home by covering anything that could be damaged and having a plan for evacuation in case of emergency like fire or carbon monoxide leaks. If you want to know more about roof installation visit Columbus Roof Repair.
When a new roof is installed on your home, it will be the first defense against harmful weather elements. The installation process can be disruptive, and there are some things that homeowners need to do ahead of time to prepare.
For example, it’s a good idea to remove any decorations on your walls that could get knocked off during the roofing work. The vibrations from hammers can be strong enough to knock down vases, mirrors, wreaths, and loose shelving, especially on the upper floors of your home. You should also move any delicate items in your home away from the edges of rooms or closets, as a sudden shift in weight could cause them to fall.
It’s important to keep children and pets inside during the roof installation. The loud noises of hammers and nail guns can make them anxious, and they might be in the way of the workers. Plan on keeping them inside during the project and arrange for them to be cared for by friends or family members for the day. Also, if you have outdoor cats or dogs, consider moving them to a friend’s house for the roof replacement.
The next step in the preparation process is to clear out your gutters so that the crew can safely access the roof. The roofers will need to dispose of old shingles and metal, and they’ll set up ladders on the ground and scaffolding on the outside of your house. They’ll need access to your exterior outlets for power tools like saws and extension cords, so be sure to mark clearly where they can plug them in so that there are no tripping accidents.
Once the debris has been removed and the roof deck is clean, the roofing materials will be installed. If you’re using shingles, they’ll be laid in layers, staggered, and nailed down. If you’re using metal, the panels will be screwed into place. Waterproofing the valleys of your roof is another important part of this phase, and the roofers will use underlayment and felt paper to do so.
Residential roofs are exposed to stress, from freezing winter temperatures and sweltering summer heat to heavy snowfall and UV rays. This constant exposure worsens, and homeowners need a new roof installation. A new roof installation offers other advantages, such as improving your home’s curb appeal and increasing value.
Before you can install your new roof, you will need some basic roofing materials. These include underlayment, flashing, and shingles. Underlayment is a waterproof membrane that protects the interior of your house from rain and ice. It is usually made from asphalt-saturated felt, non-bitumen synthetic membrane, or rubberized asphalt. It’s nailed to the roof deck and sealed with caulk.
Flashing, typically aluminum or galvanized steel, is installed at joints on the roof to prevent leaks. It is applied to the roof and nailed to the shingle strip. It is also installed over the drip edge and around chimneys, skylights, stack vents, and valleys. The ridge vent, which is placed along the peak of the roof, allows for air circulation in your attic space and helps to eliminate ice dams.
The type of roofing material you choose will depend on the dominant home styles in your area and the climate where you live. For example, a metal roof is a popular choice in some areas because of its fire resistance and longevity. Asphalt composition shingles are the most common in the United States, and they are inexpensive and easy to install. They can be reinforced with organic materials, such as cellulose, without changing their appearance.
Consider the energy efficiency of the shingle material you choose for your roof. Shingles that reflect sunlight rather than absorb it can help lower your utility bills throughout the year by reducing the load on your HVAC system. Other materials, such as insulation and roof or attic ventilation, are often overlooked but can greatly improve your home’s energy efficiency. These upgrades can have a direct impact on your monthly energy bills and comfort level.
The installation stage is when the roof begins to come together, creating a protective barrier over your home or commercial property. It is an essential step in the process, as improper roof installation can lead to leaks, water intrusion, and other problems.
During the installation phase, the roofer will follow the roofing material manufacturer guidelines for your selected roof material to ensure proper installation. They will also perform regular inspections and quality control checks to catch any issues and to verify that the work is being completed to your satisfaction.
Once the roof deck is ready, the shingle installation begins with an underlayment of felt or tar paper placed over the deck. It is a barrier to prevent moisture from seeping into the roof structure and damaging the wood underneath. Felt or tar paper is topped with shingles tightly fastened to the underlayment. Some shingles have special features, such as drip edges that protect the roof edge or ventilation strips to help prevent heat loss.
After the shingles are installed, the roofer will install flashing to prevent water from entering the roof penetrations and into the house. These penetrations may be necessary for various reasons, including sewer venting, curves to ventilate bathrooms or kitchen ranges, and more. The flashing must be thoroughly inspected to ensure it’s securely sealed and correctly aligned, as any gaps could allow water to infiltrate the roof and damage the structure below.
Depending on the scope of your project, you might need to hire contractors for other aspects of your roof replacement, such as chimney repair, skylights, and window seals. In any case, the roofing contractor should provide a written contract for you to review and sign, outlining the scope of the project, including a 72-hour right to cancel, escrow clause, start and completion dates, payment schedule, warranties, and specifications.
It would be best if you prepared your home for reroofing by removing outdoor furnishings, covering landscaping with tarps, and carefully stowing any fragile items. The hammering and scraping of old shingles or metal can produce a great deal of noise, so it’s best to keep children and pets inside during the installation process.
As with any other building component, the roof needs regular maintenance to perform as intended. This includes regular inspections and prompt repair of any problems found, particularly after extreme weather events like storms, wind, or hail. Keeping up with these routine procedures can save property owners time and money in the long run.
During routine maintenance, roof drains should be cleared of debris to prevent water pooling and clogging. This is essential in preventing water intrusion, leading to leaks and rot. It is also recommended that the gutters be cleaned periodically to ensure they are clear of leaves, twigs, or other material that can clog them.
The flashing around chimneys, skylights, and other roof penetrations should be inspected for cracks and leaks regularly. A majority of roof leaks are due to inadequate flashing. A detailed flashing inspection should be conducted to check the flashing’s integrity, as well as a thorough inspection of the field of the roof to look for surface wear, lap integrity, and overall degradation.
Chimneys should be inspected regularly to see that the chimney cap and flue are securely attached and that there is no loose brick or mortar. Often, a soot-like substance known as creosote can build up on the chimney, which can cause it to deteriorate. The chimney should also be swept regularly to remove this material.
Insufficient insulation or ventilation can lead to moisture accumulation, leading to mold growth. A good maintenance plan will thoroughly inspect insulation and ventilation systems to ensure they are properly installed and functioning as intended. In addition, a water test should be done to verify that the roof is effectively shedding water and preventing water intrusion. The building owner’s historical file should also be reviewed for a complete history of the roof system, including all repair and maintenance work. This file should be accessible to all maintenance personnel to enable them to respond quickly and effectively when problems arise.